> Rho GTPases function in morphogenesis, polarity, and cell division - Pilar Pérez - IBFG

Rho GTPases function in morphogenesis, polarity, and cell division

Cellular polarization is essential in morphogenesis, cell movement, and cell division. External or internal spatial cues determine the selection of the specific site where the growth machinery will be activated, and polarized growth will occur. This activation requires a perfect coordination among major cellular processes such as: cytoskeletal organization, secretion, and endocytosis. All this processes need to be controlled by the cell integrity pathway, and regulated by the cell cycle. Some of the major players involved in the establishment of polarized growth, such as Rho GTPases, PKCs and MAPK cascades are conserved from yeast to mammals suggesting that the basic mechanisms involved may have been conserved throughout evolution.

Our lab uses as model the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which grows in a polarized manner at the cell ends generating rod-shaped cell of near-constant width. The morphology of the fission yeast, as that of other fungi, is restricted by the cell wall, a rigid structure that provides mechanical protection and supports the internal osmotic pressure of the cell. This structure is particularly important to maintain cell integrity during cytokinesis that requires coordinated closure of a contractile actomyosin ring and synthesis of a special wall named division septum.

Rho GTPases are essential in the establishment and regulation of growth, cytokinesis, and biosynthesis of the fission yeast cell wall. Our current aim is to study new Rho signaling pathways that were identified through a functional genomic approach by large-scale mapping of synthetic lethal interactions with mutants in genes coding Rho proteins and their regulators. The integrative approach undertaken will allow us to get an overall picture of the signaling inputs, molecular circuitry, and output responses mediated by Rho GTPases to maintain fission yeast polarized growth and cell integrity. In particular, we are focus on the functions of Rho1 and calcineurin which are antagonized by the MAPK signaling pathway particularly during the coordination of actomyosin ring contraction and cell wall biosynthesis in cytokinesis.

As a long term goal, we will investigate signaling pathways involved in the control of fungal cell integrity and growth that could be potentially used in the development of new antifungal drugs.

Image description

Figure 1. Scheme of the cell integrity signaling pathways in S. pombe. Rho1 and Rho2 regulate the synthesis of the fungal wall.These GTPases are regulated by GEFs like Rgf1 and GAPs like Rga2; Rga4, Rga6 and Rga7) and activate the targets (Glucan synthases and PKCs (Pck1 and Pck2). PKCs activate the MAPK signaling pathway that in turn antagonizes the function of Rho1 and Calcineurin.

Image description

Miembros del grupo

Rebeca Martín Contratada Postdoctoral (CSIC)
Pilar Pérez Profesora de Investigación (CSIC)
Pedro M. Coll Profesor Doctor de Microbiología (USAL)
Víctor Arriba Contratado Predoctoral (CyL)
Elvira Portales Técnica de laboratorio (CSIC)

Contacto

Pilar Pérez piper@usal.es
923294894
Laboratorio 1.4

Publicaciones recientes

Gómez-Gil, E., Martín-García, R., Vicente-Soler, J., Franco, A., Vázquez-Marín, B., Prieto-Ruiz, F., Soto, T., Pérez, P., Madrid, M., Cansado, J. (2020)
Stress-activated MAPK signaling controls fission yeast actomyosin ring integrity by modulating formin For3 levels
eLife 9:e57951.
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.57951
Cabrera, M., Boronat, S., Marte, L., Vega, M., Pérez, P., Ayté, J. and Hidalgo, E. (2020)
Chaperone-facilitated aggregation of thermo-sensitive proteins shields them from degradation during heat stress.
Cell Rep. 30:2430–2443.e4.
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.01.077
Ramos, M., Cortés, JCG., Sato, M., Rincón, SA., Moreno, MB., Clemente-Ramos, JÁ., Osumi, M., Pérez, P., Ribas, JC. (2019)
Two S. pombe septation phases differ in ingression rate, septum structure, and response to F-actin loss.
J. Cell. Biol. 218:4171-4194.
DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201808163
Cortés, J.C.G., Curto, M.A., Carvalho, V.S.D., Pérez, P., Ribas, J.C. (2019)
The fungal cell wall as a target for the development of new antifungal therapies.
Biotechnol. Adv. S0734-9750(19)30027-8.
Cortés,J.C.G., Ramos M., Konomi M., Barragan I., Moreno, MB., Alcaide-Gavilan M., Moreno S., Osumi M., Pérez, P, Ribas JC. (2018).
Specific detection of fission yeast primary septum reveals septum and cleavage furrow ingression during early anaphase independent of mitosis completion.
PLoS Genet. 14:e1007388
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1007388
Martín-García, R., Arribas, V., Coll, PM, Pinar, M., Viana RA., Rincon, SA., Correa-Bordes, J., Ribas, JC., Pérez, P. (2018)
Paxillin recruitment of calcineurin phosphatase to the contractile ring is required for the correct progression of cytokinesis in fission yeast.
Cell Rep. 25:772-783.e4.
Cortés,J.C.G., Ramos M., Konomi M., Barragan I., Moreno, MB., Alcaide-Gavilan M., Moreno S., Osumi M., Pérez, P, Ribas JC. (2018)
Specific detection of fission yeast primary septum reveals septum and cleavage furrow ingression during early anaphase independent of mitosis completion.
PLoS Genet. 14:e1007388 ( https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007388)
Madrid, M., Vazquez-Marin. B., Soto, T., Franco, A., Gomez-Gil E., Vicente, J., Gacto, M., Pérez, P., Cansado, J. (2017)
Differential Functional Regulation of Protein Kinase C (PKC) orthologs in Fission Yeast.
J. Biol. Chem. 292:11374-11387
Revilla-Guarinos, M.T., Martín-García, R., Villar-Tajadura, M.A., Estravis, M., Coll, P.M., and Pérez, P. (2016).
Rga6 is a Fission Yeast Rho GAP Involved in Cdc42 Regulation of Polarized Growth.
Mol Biol. Cell. 27:1524-1535
Cortés,J.C.G., Pujol, N., Sato, M., Pinar, M., Ramos,M., Moreno, M.B., Osumi, M., Ribas, Jc., and Pérez, P. (2015)
Cooperation between Paxillin-like Protein Pxl1 and Glucan Synthase Bgs1 Is Essential for Actomyosin Ring Stability and Septum Formation in Fission Yeast
PLoS Genetics 11 Issue: 7 Pages: e1005358

Proyectos de investigación

MICINN PGC2018-098924-B-I00 (2018-2021)
Junta CyL CSI150P20 (2021-2023)